THYROID AND PARATHYROID CANCER
The Thyroid Gland is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck just below the Adam’s apple. It’s part of an intricate network of glands called the endocrine system which secretes thyroid hormones is responsible for coordinating many of our body’s activities by regulating our body metabolism and protein synthesis.Several different disorders can arise when our thyroid produces too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or not enough (hypothyroidism). Thyroid gland may be affected by several diseases both malignant and non-malignant.Four common non -malignant disorders of thyroid are Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’ disease, goiter, and thyroid nodules. There are 4 main types of thyroid malignancy (cancerous).Papillary and/or mixed papillary/follicular thyroid cancer(85%),Follicular and/or Hurthle cell thyroid cancer( 10%)Medullary thyroid cancer( 3%)Anaplastic thyroid cancer(1%)
The most common types of thyroid cancer (papillary and follicular thyroid cancer) are the most curable. In younger patients, less than 50 years of age, both papillary and follicular cancers have a more than 98% cure rate if treated appropriately. Both papillary and follicular Thyroid & Parathyroid Tumours are typically treated with at least complete removal of the lobe of the thyroid gland that harbors cancer. If thyroid gland that has a thyroid cancer nodule within it and has multiple other nodules in both sides of the thyroid or when cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the neck is a clear indication for complete removal of the thyroid gland surgically. During surgery of thyroid gland, care should be taken to preserve nerves giving function to voice box (recurrent laryngeal nerve) and preserving parathyroid glands.
Thyroid & Parathyroid Tumours if treated properly have a very good prognosis.